Generate Finance Charges

 

Function

The Generate Finance Charge task automatically creates finance charge invoices for customers based on days overdue, invoice amount, finance charge rate and minimum finance charge amount. This is the first step of applying finance charges to customer accounts, followed by the printing of the Finance Charge Register and the update. Finance charges for individual customers may also be entered or modified using the Finance Charge Entry task.

 

=> To access this task..

Select Generate Finance Charges from the Accounts Receivable Period End Processing menu.

 

Generate Finance Charges

 

About the Fields

 

In the Finance Charge Date field...

  • Enter a date in mm/dd/yyyy format

  • Click Calendar button to enter a valid date.

This date is the accounting date of the finance charge. The due date and days overdue are calculated using this date as a base and the assigned terms code.

 

In the Days Overdue field...

  • Enter the number of days that an invoice must be overdue in order to have finance charges applied.

The days overdue are calculated from the finance charge date entered in the Date field. Open invoices dated on or before this date are considered for finance charges.

 

Example

When the finance charge date is 12/30/04 and the days overdue is 60, only open invoices with due dates on or before 10/31/04 are considered for finance charge calculation.

 

In the Minimum Past Due Amount field...

  • Enter the minimum dollar amount for an invoice to be considered for finance charge calculation.

Example

Enter 10.00 to consider invoices which are $10.00 or greater for finance charges.

 

In the Finance Charge Percentage field...

  • Enter the percentage rate to be used in finance charge calculation.
    This is the percentage rate that applies to this particular application of the finance charge.

Example

Enter 1.25 to calculate finance charges of 1.25% (.0125). When an overdue invoice is $150 and the finance charge percent is 1.25, the amount of the finance charge is $1.88.

 

In the Minimum Finance Charge Amount field...

  • Enter the smallest finance charge amount that is to be applied to an invoice.

When a calculated finance charge is smaller than this amount, it is replaced with the minimum finance charge amount. In other words, whenever a finance charge is applied, it is this amount or greater.

 

Example

Enter a Minimum Finance Charge Amount of $1.00 to apply at least a $1.00 finance charge to all eligible invoices.

 

In the Distribution Code field...

  • Enter a valid general ledger distribution code.

  • Click Click to select from a list of all valid distribution codes.

This code will determine the general ledger postings for the accounts receivable and finance charge revenue accounts, when selected as part of the update process.

 

In the Terms Code field...

  • Enter a valid terms code.

  • Click Click to select from a list of all valid terms codes.

This code will determine the due date of the finance charge based on the finance charge date.

 

When done making selections...

  • Click Run Process button when all information is correct.

  • Click Clear Form button to clear the form and begin again.

Attempting to leave an unsaved Generate Finance Charges by clicking the New button, the module issues this confirmation:

 

Clear this form?

Clear Entries

  • Click [Yes] to clear the selections made in the Customer Comments Listing form.

  • Click [No] to return to the Customer Comments Listing form.

Clicking Run Process button results in this notification:

 

Update process completed

Process Complete

 

Processing

The task will search through all open accounts receivable invoices. The invoice number being examined is displayed on the screen. When the invoice is overdue, the balance is checked for minimum size. If the balance is large enough, the finance charge amount is calculated. When the finance charge amount is large enough, a finance charge record is created.

 

NOTE: Finance charges generated through this process may be modified or deleted using the Finance Charge Entry task prior to updating the Finance Charge Register.



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